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Túpac Amaru II’s rebellion in Peru

Page history last edited by Paula Samal 4 years, 5 months ago

José Gabriel Túpac Amaru (March 10, 1738 – May 18, 1781) — known as Túpac Amaru II — was the leader of a large Andean uprising against the Spanish in Peru, whose quelling resulted in his death. He later became a mythical figure in the Peruvian struggle for independence and indigenous rights movement, as well as an inspiration to myriad causes in Spanish America and beyond.

 

Background:

Although the Spanish trusteeship labor system, or encomienda, had been abolished in 1720, most natives at the time living in the Andean region of what is now Ecuador and Bolivia, who made up nine tenths of the population were still pushed into forced labor for what were legally labeled as public work projects. However, most natives worked under the supervision of a master either tilling soil, mining or working in textile mills. What little wage that was acquired by workers was heavily taxed and cemented Native American indebtedness to Spanish master.

 

Side note:

The rapper Tupac Shakur is named after this rebel leader.

 

Edited from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C3%BApac_Amaru_II

Explain how and why internal and external factors have influenced the process of state building from 1750 to
1900.

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